Eurycles cunninghamii Lindley

Biblio : Edwards


Edwards's Botanical Register, v.18, t.1506. 1832.

= Proiphys cunninghamii (Lindley) Mabberley, 1980.

Eurycles cunninghamii, Edwards tab.1605
Illustration : J. T. Hart.
1506 EURYCLES* Cunninghamii. Mr. Cunningham's Eurycles.
Nat. ord. AMARYLLIDEĆ R. Br. (Introduction to the natural system of Botany, p. 259.) EURYCLES. - Perianthium hypocrateriforme, limbo sexpartito. Stamina faucialia, filamentis dilatatis coronam mentientibus utrinque unidentatis; antherć versatiles. Ovarium 3-loculare; ovulis geminis collateralibus ap- pensis. Capsula. Semina testâ carnosâ.
E. Cunninghamii; foliis oblongis cordatis, umbellâ subsexflorâ, perianthii laciniis oblongo-lanceolatis, dentibus staminum lateralibus subulatis sub- bilobis intermedio subćqualibus. Bulbus subrotundus, apice virescens. Folia plurima, petiolata, oblonga, basi subcordata, apiculata, curvivenia, venulis propriis furcatis. Scapus pedalis. Involucrum diphyllum, subćquale, floribus brevius. Flores pedi- cellati, albi, perianthii laciniis ovato-oblongis, patentibus, planis, tubo brevi- oribus. Stamina 6, fauce inserta; filamenta tridentata, dentibus lateralibus. patentibus, cornutis, nunc bilobis, intermedio antherifero paulo brevioribus. Ovarium 3-loculare; ovula gemina, collateralia, appensa. Stylus filifornmis, rectus, perianthii longitudine.

A native of New Holland, whence its bulbs were sent to Mr. Knight, of the King's Road Nursery, by Mr. Baxter. It is a greenhouse plant, flowering in March and April, and increased either by seeds or by offsets. From E, sylvestris and australis it differs in having the flowers much smaller, and tess numerous in the umbel, and in the lateral teeth of filaments being very much elongated, and sometims 2-lobed. It was received from the collector under the name of Calostemma Cunninghamii ; but it is certainly a Eurycles, which is positively distinguished from Calostemma in having three cells in the ovarium, while Calostemma has but one cell. J. L.
From ενρνσ, broad, and κλειω to close up; in allusion to the dilated state of the stamens, which close up, as it were, the opening of the tube of the perianthium.

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