Caliphruria subedentata Baker

Biblio : Curtis


Curtis's Bot. Mag., 103: t.6289. 1877.

Dessin de Caliphruria subedentata
Illustration : W. Fitch.
TAB. 6289.


Native of New Grenada.
Nat. Ord. AMARYLLIDACEĈ. - Tribe PANCRATIEĈ. Genus CALLIPHRURIA, Herbert; (Kunth, Enum. vol. v. p. 692).

CALIPHRURIA edentata; bulbo ovoideo tunicato, foliis circiter 4 longe petiolatis oblongis viridibus, venis pluribus perspicuis arcuatis, pedunculo pedali vel sesquipedali subcompresso, umbellis 6-8-floris, spathĉ valvis lanceolatis, pedicellis flore multo brevioribus, ovario ovoideo-trigono, perianthii infun- dibularis sesquipollicaris segmentis oblongis tubo ĉquilongis flore expanso falcatis, staminibus limbo subduplo brevioribus, filamentis linearibus in- terdum exappendiculatis interdum dente parvo prope basin prĉdito, stylo perianthio subĉquilongo apice stigmatoso leviter tricuspidato.
This is a plant which has been in English gardens for many years, and in the absence of flowers has passed for Eucharis candida. Lately it has flowered at several places almost simultaneously, and it turns out to be no Eucharis at all, but a near neighbour of the Calliphruria Hartwegiana which was figured in the Botanical Magazine last year (tab. 6259). The present plant, however, differs materially from C. Hartwegiana in the filaments, in which the toothing is some- times entirely wanting, so that for the botanical systematist it forms an awkward connecting link between the tribes Amaryl- lideĉ and Pancratieĉ. The Eucharis candida which was dis- tributed by Mr. William Bull in 1876, and which was figured in his catalogue for that year, is the true plant so called by Planchon. The present plate was made from a specimen sent by Mr. G. R. Sheath, which flowered in the garden of M. H. Beaufoy, Esq., at South Lambeth in De- cember, 1876. DESCR. Bulb ovoid, one and a half inch in diameter, with a few brown membranous tunics. Leaves about four to a bulb, cotemporary with the flowers; petiole nearly a foot long, channelled down the face; blade oblong, acute, bright APRIL 1ST, 1877.

green, rather fleshy, six to eight inches long by more than half as broad, with many distinct arching ribs. Peduncle one to one and a half foot long, slightly compressed. Flowers six to eight in an umbel; spathe-valves lanceolate; pedicels half to three-quarters inch long; unexpanded flowers suberect; expanded flowers horizontal or drooping, scentless. Ovary green, ovoid-trigonous, quarter inch long; perianth pure white, funnel-shaped, one and a half inch long, the oblong segments half as long as the tube, spreading falcately when the flower is fully expanded. Stamens inserted at the throat of the tube, about half as long as the segments; filaments linear; sometimes entirely without any tooth, sometimes furnished with a more or less distinct tooth at the base on one or both sides; anthers yellow, linear-oblong; style as long as the perianth, obtusely lobed at the stigmatose tip. - J. G. Baker.
Fig. 1. Flower, cut open; 2, horizontal section of the ovary : - both magnified.

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