Urceolina, Leperiza

Biblio en ligne
Herbert 1837

Herbert W. 1837. Amaryllidaceae, p.193-195.

= Urceolina Reichenbach nom. cons.

page 193
64. URCEOLINA. - Bulb roundish; leaves petiolated, broad oval, ęstival; scape ęstival, germen ovate, three-fur- rowed; peduncles curved, flowers pendulous; tube straight, slender, cylindrical, enlarged at the mouth ; limb ventricose; (filaments a little diverging?) an- thers incumbent, style straight, stigma obtuse. Seeds numerous, small (black ?) 1. Péndula. - Crinum urceolatum. Flor. Per. Urceo- laria. Herb. App. Urceolina. Reichenbach. Colla-
nia. R. et Schultes. Leaves petiolated, 3 palms long and half a palm wide; scape 1 foot, flowers 5, two inches long, lower half of the limb yellow, upper green with white edges; filaments and style longer than the limb. Grows in the woods of the Andes at Pozuzo, and in the district of Pampa- marca in Peru; and flowers from June to November. The size of the flower is probably grossly exagge- rated in the plate in the Flor. Peruv. If it is not, the plant I have named Fulva is very different from it. 2. Fúlva. - Pl. 26. fig. 5. Specim. Matthews, 868. C. urceolatum. Herb. Hooker. Petiole 4 inches, leaf 9 inches by 4; scape 7½, spathe 2 inches, with five valves; peduncles of various length, flowers eight, germen ovate, tube slender, above half an inch long, limb near an inch (tawny, with pale margins, and tipped with green ?) filaments and style longer than the limb. Found at Parcahuanca in Peru in December. This may perhaps be only a variety of the former, but its flowers are smaller and more numerous, and its colour seem- ingly different: Ruiz states five to be the number of flowers in the first species. This is distinguishable from Leperiza (Ruiz's Pancratium latifolium) by no outward feature besides the supposed absence of a cup, but a longer and slenderer tube and broader leaf; and I consider the two genera to be so closely allied, that I think some attempt to form a mem- branous cup must be found in this genus when better known. Under that persuasion I place it in this section. If there is no exhibition of the membrane, it must be removed to the second section, after Lapiedra. The plants which I possess, probably the second species, produce from two to three leaves, which suffer very much if exposed to a hot sun, from which they require to be screened. They must be kept quite dry in winter in the greenhouse, and in very hot weather I found it advisable to place them out of doors behind a north wall. They are accustomed to the shade of woods. The bulbs in- crease by offsets, of which the leaf pushes up at some dis- tance from the parent. The leaf is much like that of Eucro- sia and Grifnnia, but with a longer and slenderer footstalk; the habit precisely that of Eucrosia. It seems to dislike
strong heat and sunshine so much, that it will perhaps suc- ceed best in the open ground, taking up the bulbs when the leaves decay. It seems to thrive better in a fertile loam than in light soil. I expect, from the increased size of my prin- cipal bulb, to see it flower next spring. 47. LEPERÍZA. - Bulb roundish ; (coats imbricating ?) leaves petiolated, wide oval, ęstival; scape ęstival; pe- duncles curved; germen ovate, three-furrowed, pen- dulous ; tube short; filaments decurrent in the cup ; anthers incumbent; style straight; stigma obtuse; capsule ovate, three-furrowed; seeds many, small, oblong, roundish (black ?) 1. Latifólia. - Pancratium latifolium. Flor. Per. 3. 54. 284. Leaves about four, narrower than in Urceo- lina; scape 8-9 inches ; spathe 5-6 valved, or with spathe-like bractes; flowers about five, 1½ inch long, reddish yellow tipped with green ; cup toothed between the filaments; filaments a little, style much, exceeding the limb. Grows in the shady and damp woods of the Peruvian Andes near Vitoc, on the hills and lands of Tarma. The extraordinary bulb, represented in the plate of the Flor. Per. with opposite coats like the scales of a lilium, and the sinuosity of the filaments, are not warranted by Ruiz's description, and are probably false, like many other things in those engravings. If that be the case, it will be separated from Urceolina by the cup and tube only, and, if Urceolina should prove to agree with it in those respects, Leperiza will merge in that genus. Its habit seems, by Ruiz's account, to be precisely similar.
Pl. 26. fig. 5.
Urceolina fulva

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