Herbert W.
1837
Amaryllidaceae
<< 188-189 >>
voir aussi page 59, 73, 410.
42. LAPIEDRA. - Perianth regular, expanded, star-shaped ;
filaments straight, erect ; anthers arrow-heated (in-
cumbent ?) ; seeds small, angular. Pl. 42. f. 10. 11.
1. Placiana.- Sparganium PlašŠ. Clus. Pl. rar. 164.
Lapiedra Martinezzii. Lagasca Nov. sp. et gen.
p. 14. Crinum Martinezii, ib. Barrelius, ic. 993.
A.D. 1714. Flowers about eight, white ; style and
stigma white, spathe 2-3 leaved ; leaves (two only ?)
longitudinally striped with white, linear, obtuse.
It is very remarkable that this plant should have been
described above 200 years ago by Clusius, with particulars
concerning it witch as yet we only know from his report,
and with a precise indication of the spot in witch it still
grows spontaneously, and that no botanist, as far as I can
perceive, has since noticed his account of the plant under
the name Sparganium PlašŠ, by which it is indicated on
the margin of the page in witch it is described. He states
that it was pointed out to him in its native locality, on the
stony heights above Valentia, by Dr. Plaša, a physician of
that town ; and in that very spot it is still pointed out by
Lagasca, as growing amongst the clefts of rocks, without any
reference to Clusius. It is difficult to understand, even in
the vague state of botany at that period, how Dr. Plaša
should have looked upon it to be a Sparganium, witch is
an ancient name for a genus of a very different family, but
there is no reason for rejecting the specific name wich
Clusius gave to it in commemoration of its first discoverer.
It seems to have been rather overlooked than intentionally
laid aside, and as the later name has had little currency I
have thought it undoubtedly proper to restore the original
one. According to Clusius it usually has two leaves, in
form like those of Oporanthus luteus, but marked with a
longitudinal white stripe. He states the seeds, which are
not noticed by Lagasca, to be small and angular. I con-
jecture the scape to be solid, and the seeds testaceous. It is
strange that Spanish plants of such easy access, and whose
locality is so well known, as Lapiedra and Tapeinanthus,
should never have been brought into cultivation, nor speci-
mens even introduced into any herbarium. Lapiedra appears
to be one of the points by which AmaryllideŠ approach the
hypogynous Allium and Ornithogalum. If the seeds, con-
trary to my expectation, should prove to be fleshy, which I
think very improbable, the genus would properly follow
Carpolyza. According to Lagasca it grows also near the
church of San Fuen, near Algesiras, and near Malaga, and
it might certainly be easily obtained. The anthers are
asserted to be arrow-headed and incumbent ; with the form
of an arrow-head I should have expected them rather to be
erect, like those of Hypoxis. The plant having been called
a Crinum, I assume it to be schistandrous ; it may, how-
ever, prove to be porandrous, it which case it would
stand amongst GalantheŠ, probably next to Leucojum.
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